Types of Pavement Damage

Types of Pavement Damage

Pavement damage is an issue that every property owner will eventually face. Whether it's due to harsh weather, heavy traffic, or age, an asphalt surface will eventually develop cracks, potholes, and other types of damage. Repairing pavement damage is crucial for the safety of drivers and pedestrians, as well as to preserve the beauty and functionality of your property. If you're unsure of the type of pavement damage you have, here are some of the most common types of pavement damage and how to identify them.


Cracks can form in asphalt for a variety of reasons, including exposure to the elements and fluctuating temperatures. They can appear small at first but can quickly spread and cause significant damage if not promptly repaired. Cracks are characterized by their straight, linear shape, typically running parallel or perpendicular to the pavement's direction. If left unattended, water can seep through these cracks and cause further damage to the pavement's subbase. Crack repair should be handled by a trained professional to ensure proper sealing and to prevent future damage.


Potholes are perhaps the most visible and dangerous type of pavement damage. They typically form due to water seeping into the pavement's subbase, causing weakness and deterioration. As vehicles drive over the weakened area, it can cave in and form a pothole. Potholes are easily identifiable by their rounded, concave shape and rough edges. They should be repaired immediately to prevent accidents and further damage to the pavement.


Rutting is a type of pavement damage that occurs when vehicles repeatedly drive over the same area, causing grooves to form in the asphalt's surface. This is commonly seen in parking lots and roadways with heavy traffic. Rutting can cause serious damage to the pavement's subbase, and therefore should be addressed promptly. It can also cause water to pool in the grooves, creating a hazardous situation.


Fading is a cosmetic issue that occurs when asphalt loses its color and becomes dull. This is primarily due to the oxidation of the asphalt binder caused by exposure to the sun's UV rays. Fading doesn't necessarily affect the pavement's functionality but can be unsightly. Resurfacing or sealcoating can restore the pavement's original color and protect it from further damage.

Edge Damage

Edge damage occurs when the asphalt at the pavement's edges begins to deteriorate. This can be caused by poor drainage or the lack of support at the pavement's edge. If left unaddressed, edge damage can cause the pavement to unravel and deteriorate from the edges inward. Repairs can be made by properly installing a curb or replacing the damaged edge.



Pavement damage is a common issue that should be addressed promptly to ensure the safety and aesthetics of your property. By understanding the different types of pavement damage and how to identify them, you can take the necessary steps to repair and prevent further damage. If you need assistance with pavement repair or maintenance, contact a professional contractor like Custom Construction Paving to handle the job properly. Their team of experts can provide the necessary repairs, ensuring your pavement lasts for years to come.

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